The situation surrounding arundhati Roy and Dr. Sheikh Showkat Hussain's prosecution under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) revolves around events that occurred during a conference titled "Azadi – The Only Way" in october 2010 at LTG Auditorium, Copernicus Marg, New Delhi. Social activist Sushil Pandit filed a complaint that led to an FIR, alleging that Roy and Hussain delivered provocative speeches advocating for the separation of kashmir from India.

According to the complaint, both individuals allegedly asserted that kashmir was never a legitimate part of india and was forcefully occupied by indian armed forces. They purportedly advocated for efforts towards Kashmir's independence from India. The complainant supported these allegations with recordings of the speeches delivered at the conference, which also featured prominent figures like late Hurriyat leader Syed ali Shah Geelani, SAR Geelani, and Varavara Rao.

SAR Geelani, known for his involvement in the parliament attack case, reportedly played a key role as an anchor during the conference. These details highlight the contentious nature of the event and the views expressed therein, which have now become central to the legal proceedings under the UAPA against Roy and Hussain.

The sanction for prosecution under the UAPA signifies a significant escalation in the legal ramifications faced by both individuals, reflecting the serious allegations and implications regarding national security and public order. The case continues to draw attention and debate regarding freedom of expression, national integrity, and the enforcement of anti-terrorism laws in India's legal landscape.

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