Telangana's high prevalence of critical health indicators, such as generalized obesity, abdominal obesity, hypertension, and pre-diabetes, among people, particularly women, is a glaring sign of the massive burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) that the State will have to deal with in the years to come.
 
While seasonality-based traditional ailments have persisted, telangana has seen a steady rise in major modern lifestyle-related health conditions over the past five to six years, including obesity, high cholesterol, abdominal fat, and pre-diabetes, which are generally thought to be precursors to diabetes, hypertension, and heart ailments.
 

According to statistics from the National Family health Survey (NFHS-5), between 35 and 50 percent of women in telangana between the ages of 15 and 49 have abdominal obesity (waist circumference greater than 80 cm), compared to around 30 percent of men in the same age group.
 
The more current indian Council of Medical Research–India diabetes (ICMR-INDIAB) research, published in 2023, is similar to the NFHS-5 data (2019–21). The prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes in india is estimated by ICMR-INDIAB to be 101 million and 136 million, respectively. These numbers are significantly higher than previously reported.
 

According to a study on abdominal obesity that was published in The Lancet in July 2023, "Physical activity is advised to burn excess energy." According to a recent study on the pattern of physical activity in india, women are less physically active than men, and 57% of indians are either physically inactive or merely moderately active.
 
According to ICMR-INDIAB 2023, generalized obesity affects more than 25% of telangana State's population, whereas hypertension affects 30% of both male and female residents in both rural and urban areas. In the same vein, over 15% of Telangana's population is estimated to have pre-diabetes, while over 10% of those same persons have diabetes.


Numerous public health experts predict that when younger fat individuals become older adults, the pattern of consistent increases in obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and pre-diabetes phases will persist. Because of this, public health experts support more robust and well-planned population-based interventions to stop the rising trend of abdominal obesity as people age.
 


 

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