Arguments opposed to farmers' demands...

These arguments claim that there isn't an MSP law in existence anywhere in the world. Making MSP legally required is an extremely challenging task. This would essentially imply the right to MSP; in that case, the non-receiver may go to court and face penalties, while the recipient may receive MSP. The central government receives an annual income of Rs 23.30 lakh crore; but, should it need to buy all 23 crops at MSP, the government may have to spend above Rs 17 lakh crore. Should the government enact a law requiring MSP, it will apply to all crops—not just wheat and paddy. Other crop farmers will also have requests. There won't be much money left over for the people's development and welfare in such a scenario. Its effect is also evident in various facilities that are offered to the underprivileged.

Why is the national minimum support price (MSP) the same yet crop costs vary by state? 

Imagine for a moment that tomorrow the nation produces more wheat or rice and the market prices drop. Who would purchase that crop? Companies are afraid of the law, so they won't purchase crops at low costs. The produce will either stay with the farmers in this scenario, or the government will have to buy it with force. The Shanta Kumar Committee, which was established in 2015 to recommend the reorganization of the Food Corporation of india (FCI), reported in its report that just 6% of farmers benefit from MSP, indicating that 94% of farmers in the nation are covered by MSP. 

The amount of subsidy in the government's buying of wheat and paddy for the ration system is approximately Rs 2 lakh crore. The nation must kneel before the World Trade Organization as a result of subsidies. We must inform them that there is poverty in this area and that food assistance is required. For this reason, the government introduced a policy on food security as well. Our agricultural markets ought to open. We continue to export a lot of produce even now by providing subsidies for it. In other words, we provide subsidies for its production first, and then we provide subsidies for its trading. The WTO is putting a lot of pressure on india in this situation.

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