The first set of recommendations to assist individuals in controlling excessive cholesterol has arrived in India. india is among the many countries where cardiologists have been adhering to the 2019 guidelines issued by the european Society of Cardiology. The first-ever recommendations for managing dyslipidemia (high cholesterol) in india were announced on July 4 by the 22-member Cardiolgocial Society of india (CSI).
A medical disorder known as dyslipidemia is characterised by abnormal blood lipid (fat) levels, such as elevated triglycerides or cholesterol. The risk of heart disease, stroke, and other illnesses may rise as a result of this imbalance. Medication, exercise, and nutrition are frequently used to treat it.
High levels of triglycerides, low levels of HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol), and higher levels of LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) are the hallmarks of this illness. Dyslipidemia, known as the "silent killer" since it has no symptoms, is a key marker for cardiovascular diseases like heart attacks, strokes and peripheral artery disease.

How to know your Lipid Profile?
A blood test measures the lipid profile, or total cholesterol. A little sample of blood is taken by a medical professional, generally from an arm vein.
The overall quantity of cholesterol, which comprises low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and a percentage of triglycerides, is subsequently determined by lab analysis of the sample.
The recommended minimal cholesterol level is less than 100 mg/DL, or milligrammes of sugar per deciliter.
Even while elevated cholesterol is quite common nationwide, metropolitan regions bear a disproportionate share of this burden.

After seeing the increasing incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and the fact that india has the highest rate of premature deaths from CVD worldwide, medical professionals nationwide released the Lipid Guidelines.
According to the study conducted by CSI, low levels of HDL-cholesterol (good cholesterol) were seen in people living in almost all states of india except Rajasthan, Gujarat, telangana and Manipur.

Whereas high LDL-cholesterol (bad cholesterol) was the highest in the northern region, Kerala, and Goa.




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