Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a persistent autoimmune disorder primarily affecting the joints but potentially impacting other bodily systems. It is characterized by inflammation of the synovial membrane, the lining surrounding joints, leading to symptoms like pain, swelling, stiffness, and the risk of joint deformities.
Although there's no cure for RA, various treatments and strategies exist to manage its symptoms, slow its progression, and enhance the quality of life for those with the condition. A fundamental aspect of RA management involves medication. Physicians often prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to alleviate pain and reduce inflammation.
Biologic DMARDs, a subset of DMARDs, target specific immune molecules to further control inflammation. In certain cases, corticosteroids may be employed for short-term symptom relief. Physical therapy is another integral component of RA treatment. Skilled physical therapists design personalized exercise regimens to help maintain joint function, enhance strength, and increase flexibility.
Occupational therapists aid individuals in finding practical solutions for everyday activities, reducing strain on affected joints. lifestyle adjustments are vital as well. Maintaining a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and effectively managing stress can contribute to overall well-being and potentially alleviate RA symptoms. Adequate rest and sleep play crucial roles.