Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease which known for its potential to cause long-term disability This condition arises when the immune system erroneously targets and damages the protective sheath encasing nerve fibres, called myelin, leading to inflammation and harm.
Consequently, the smooth transmission of electrical signals along nerves becomes disrupted, resulting in a broad array of neurological symptoms. The precise origin of multiple sclerosis remains incompletely understood, although it is thought to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and immunological factors. MS can affect individuals of all age groups, with a higher incidence among those aged 20 to 50, and it shows a predilection for women.
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis can vary greatly from one person to another and may encompass weariness, challenges in ambulation, muscle weakness, tingling sensations, difficulties with coordination and equilibrium, vision disturbances, discomfort, and cognitive alterations. These symptoms can exhibit a fluctuating course, characterized by periods of exacerbation and remission.
Though a definitive cure for multiple sclerosis remains elusive, diverse treatment options are available to alleviate symptoms and potentially decelerate disease progression. Medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle adjustments are commonly employed to enhance the quality of life for individuals grappling with MS.